At Holy Trinity phonics is taught in a highly structured programme of daily sessions across FS/KS1 and through targeted intervention based on phonic awareness in KS2. The “Read Write Inc” programme is followed ensuring a systematic and synthetic approach to the teaching of phonics. We aim to make all of our sessions active and engaging to ensure that we meet the needs of all children. Each session gives the opportunity to revisit previous knowledge, learn new skills, practise together and apply skills that we have learnt independently. In addition to daily sessions children will have the opportunity to access Phonics play, Bug club and independent phonics provision in classrooms.


Phonics Phases

Phase 1- Our FS1 children begin at Phase 1 on entering the unit and access a range of listening activities in order to develop their listening and attention skills and provide them with a foundation for learning. Children are continually assessed throughout sessions to check phonic knowledge.

Phase 2- Towards the end of FS1 children build on their listening skills and move on to Phase 2. The children are introduced to grapheme- phoneme correspondence and begin to practise letter formation and initial sounds.

As children move through to FS2 children continue their knowledge of Phase 2 and build blending and segmenting skills for both reading and writing. Children are also taught a small bank of ‘tricky words’ for both reading and spelling.

Phase 3- Towards the end of FS2 children move on to Phase 3 where they are introduced to digraphs (two letters making one sound) and trigraphs (three letters making one sound) learning one representation for each of the 44 phonemes. Children are taught a bank of new ‘tricky words’ at this stage and continue to practise those learnt previously.

Phase 4-At the end of FS2 or on entering Year 1 children will begin Phase 4 consolidating learning from the previous phases and moving on to read words containing adjacent consonants.

Phase 5- Within Year 1 children will begin Phase 5 and broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for the sounds that they already know as well as beginning to develop an understanding of prefix and suffix.

Phase 6- On entering Year 2 children will start Phase 6 which develops a range of spelling strategies such as adding prefix and suffix to a root word. The focus within Year 2 will be on accurate spelling and reading using all known phonemes.

In addition children will learn to spell all of the year group common exception words which will be practised throughout phonics sessions.

Phonics provision is offered for those that require it throughout Key Stage 2 and will take the form of small group intervention groups.